Family Intervention Based on FOCUS Programʼs Effect on Cancer Coping in Iranian Breast Cancer Patients: A Randomized Control Trial

Saeedeh Alizadeh



Background: Breast cancer affects patient’s life. Many breast cancer patients have problems with coping it and they need support from their families. Family involvement based on FOCUS program has designed to support breast cancer survivors with their families. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of family invovlment based on FOCUS program on coping with breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy in academic centers in Urmia in 2016. Methods: This study is a randomized controlled trial study. Sixty breast cancer survivors were randomly assigned into intervention (N=30) and control groups (N=30). FOCUS program was a family-based intervention, in six sessions with subjects of family involvement, optimism, cancer coping, uncertainty reduction and symptom management. The instruments used in this study were demographic questionnaire and cancer coping questionnaires. Data was analyzed by SPSS 20 software. Result: The findings revealed a significant promotion in total cancer coping scores (t=-12/39, p<0.001), in all subscales of questionnaire including individual (t=-11/52, p<0.001), positive focus (t=-7/03, p<0.001), coping(t=-7/28, p<0.001), diversion (t=-11/76, p<0.001), planning (t=-4/91, p<0.001) and in interpersonal subscale (t=-11/14, p<0.001) significant improvement was seen. But there was no significant difference in control group. Conclusion: The results showed that family involvement based on FOCUS program increases cancer coping in breast cancer survivors.

Full Text:

PDF (Full Text)

DOI (PDF (Full Text)):


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Asia Pacific Journal of Cancer Care





Asia Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 

West Asia Organization for Cancer Prevention