Clinicopathological profile of cervical carcinoma: An experience of tertiary care cancer centre

Manjit Kaur Rana, Karuna Singh, M K Mahajan, Amrit Pal Singh Rana

Abstract


Context:

Cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm arising mainly in the transformation zone of the cervix. Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women worldwide after breast cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma constitute the greatest burden, globally as well as in India.

Aims:

The current study was aimed to assess the histopathological profile and its correlation with clinical findings.

 

Settings and Design:

It was a retrospective analysis of the patients of cervical carcinoma.

Methods and Material:

The retrospective analysis of histopathological patterns of carcinoma cervix was done. A total of 120 cervical biopsies were received, amongst which 5 biopsies were chronic cervicitis, 9 were cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and 106 cases were of carcinoma. Further histologic subtyping of cervical carcinoma was done and was correlated with clinical presentations and stage. The collected data were analysed.

Statistical analysis used:

Analysis of data was done for simple means and percentages.

Results:

The most common age group in carcinoma cervix was fifth and sixth decade with history of bleeding per vagina being the most common clinical presentation. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was the most common variant, ≥Stage III case constituted in majority and also showed poor prognosis.

Conclusion:

A majority of Indian women presented at later stages of cervical cancer, hence demanding the need of dedicated screening programes. Many variants present with different clinical findings especially as deep infiltrative growth patterns, hence histologic types should be kept in mind clinically while dealing with unfamiliar clinical presentations. In our experience most of the women presented in later stages and patients with ≥ stage III showed poor prognosis.

Key-words: Cervix, Adenocarcinoma, Glassy cell carcinoma, Carcinoma, Endophytic growth


Full Text:

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DOI (PDF (FULL TEXT)): http://dx.doi.org/10.31557/APJCC.2019.4.3.83

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